Quoting in research papers

Referencing and bibliographies

They must be included together in the parentheses, or you can mention the name of the author in your writing and put just the year in parentheses afterwards. Quote in Chicago style. The Chicago style of formatting research essays uses footnotes at the bottom of your page rather than in-text parenthetical citations. In order to cite a quotation in your paper, add a footnote number immediately after the ending quotation mark not inside the quotes. This should be paired with a matching citation at the bottom of the page.

Method 4. Choose the quotations you want to use in the paper with care. Overuse of quotations is considered sloppy in academic writing because it relies too heavily on others to make your point. Show not only that can you write, but that you can also judiciously sift through large amounts of research to glean the most important quotes that will support your argument. Avoid summarizing. Quotes should not be used as filler, followed by a long summary or paraphrase of what you copied. Use quotes to highlight a specific phrase.

Often times in academic writing, a very specific phrase or term may be used and described by an empirical source. If there is no way for your to better explain or reword this phrase, use a quotation. When possible, try to paraphrase or use an indirect quote to avoid seeming lazy with your writing.

How to Integrate Quotations In Writing Essays-APA or MLA

Quote important evidence. Quotations can be particularly helpful for an argumentative or study-based research paper, as you can use them to provide direct evidence for an important point you are making. Add oomph to your position by quoting someone who also backs it, with good reason.

Be sure to elaborate on their point after quoting though, rather than just dropping it into your essay without further discussion. Be clear when using quotes. Although helpful at times, quotes that have not been clearly attributed can be confusing and out of place. Make sure your quote is given context before stating it. Although you should have a citation involved as well, it is important to make it clear to the reader that the ideas you are presenting are those of someone else.

Include bibliographic information at the end of the paper. A "Works Cited" page, or other bibliographic source page, is used at the end of the paper to list full publishing information on each quoted source. It depends on the required format. The example uses MLA which requires the author and page number in parentheses following the quote with the full citation listed on a separate sheet as a bibliography.

Other styles require different citations. Yes No.

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Not Helpful 0 Helpful In the body of a thesis paper, how many quotes should be used in each paragraph? You could use around one to two quotes per paragraph.

Quotation - Citing Sources - Research Guides at Davidson College

This keeps them on topic and keeps the paragraphs from becoming too long. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 5. Should I discuss the quote in my paper before or after the quoted lines? You need to lead into the quote and then follow up with additional information. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Include the source of publication, title, link of retrieving information etc.

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Guides for writing research papers

Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Keep a list of quotations as you take research notes, and star your favorites to return later. Watch for quotations that are quoted by other researchers again and again. Often secondary material will give you hints to finding the best parts of the primary sources. Quote the opposition so that you can directly pick apart their argument. It's easier to argue against someone if you're using exactly what they said and pointing out its flaws.

Otherwise, the opposition can claim that you simply twisted their meaning. Rely on their words and attack directly. Be very careful when copying quotations down. Don't think you'll remember that something is a direct quote without using quotation marks in your notes. Make sure you copy exactly, not how you'll write it in the paper. You can edit later.

Citing and Quoting

Although you should have a citation involved as well, it is important to make it clear to the reader that the ideas you are presenting are those of someone else. This credit line should be flush right, preceded by an em dash. Does the citation go before or after the period? For more research tips on quotations, see:. In some academic disciplines, footnotes and endnotes are not only used for references, but also to contain elaborations or explanations of points made in the main text.

Warnings Don't let a research paper become a sea of he-said, she-said. While you want to set up the arguments that have been made on both sides in the past, you also want to make a compelling argument for yourself. Rephrasing, re-organizing an argument, and synthesizing different arguments in your own words makes it clear that you understand what you've researched and makes the paper interesting to read.

The reader is searching for a new way to understand the research or a new idea.

Quoting and Paraphrasing

Too many quotes tend to bury the lead. Don't rely too heavily on one source. It's easy to fall in love with a single book when doing research, particularly if there aren't a lot of books on the subject and one author particularly agrees with you. Try to limit how much you quote that author, particularly if a lot of your argument is relying on his or her groundwork already. Look for quotations that complement or challenge that person, and provide your own analysis. Don't be a sloppy note-taker. Unfortunately, accidental plagiarism is all too common, and it has serious consequences.

You may not have meant to plagiarize, but if you write someone else's words down without indicating that you are using a direct quotation, you are plagiarizing whether it was intentional or not after all, merely relying on lecture notes and not on your own research is lazy and not acknowledging direct quotes as you take notes from texts reflects poor organization. Always indicate quotations in your notes. It's also better to write down a lot of quotations and then paraphrase them later than to write down a paraphrased version. The danger here, particularly if you don't alter the quote much, is that you'll unwittingly change it back to the quotation later, in revision.

It's better to have the original right in front of you. If you find yourself unable to choose better language, just quote it properly. Related wikiHows. Article Summary X To quote in a research paper in APA style, use in-text parenthetical citations at the end of quotes that have the author's last name and the year the text was published.

xn--12c7b7afq2el.net/includes/map15.php Did this summary help you? Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Co-Authored By:. Use just one reference instead, placed after the last of your quotes or perhaps at the end of the paragraph to sum up the shared source of all your quotes. Chinese-American scholar Iris Chang argues that "the Rape of Nanking represents one of the worst instances of mass extermination" ever Chang 5.